Episode 1.5 Shoulder dystocia, Kaiser Wilhelm, and the history of the Zavanelli manuever

In this episode we discuss the risk factors and management strategies for shoulder dystocia. We also discuss the botched birth of Kaiser Wilhelm II and the history of the Zavanelli maneuver. 

Links discussed:

ACOG PB on shoulder dystocia

Head to body times

Presentation on shoulder dystocia with pictures and references

The Zavanelli maneuver: a potentially revolutionary method for the resolution of shoulder dystocia

Kaiser Wilhelm with atrophied hand and arm after brachial plexus injury